Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)

Portrait of Ivy Turner


SKU: 9864
Oil on canvas


Height – 79cm x Width – 71cm

1 in stock


The Artist’s Studio

Literature: Llewellyn, Sacha, and Paul Liss. Portrait of an Artist. Liss Llewellyn, 2021, p.195.

The identity of this model remains uncertain – her physiognomy is close to that of  Ivy Turner (or possibly Kate Foster) – both were part of the Hampstead group which included figures such as Stanley Spencer, Henry Lamb, as well as Hilda and Richard Carline.

Elements such as her cropped hair, cigarette and cravat identify her as a progressive and independent woman typical of the artistic and literary types that characterised the ‘Roaring Twenties’.

This Hampstead group was memorialised by Richard Carline’s Gathering on the Terrace at 47 Downshire Hill, Hampstead’, 1924‚ pictured below.



She was also the sitter in another portrait by Carline, 1925, which is part of the Museums Sheffield Collection.



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Richard Carline
1896 - 1980

Painter, writer and administrator, Carline was born in Oxford. His father, George Carline, his mother, Anne, and brother Sydney, his sister Hilda (Mrs Stanley Spencer) and his wife, Nancy, were all painters. Carline in 1913 attended Percyval Tudor-Hart’s Academie de Peinture, in Paris. After a short period teaching, Carline served in World War I and was appointed an Official War Artist. With his brother he became noted for war pictures from the air. He was elected LG in 1920, at which time the Carlines’ Hampstead home became a centre for artists such as Henry Lamb, John Nash and Mark Gertler. During this period Carline was clearly influenced by Stanley Spencer, transforming everyday scenes into something monumental. Carline achieved this, however, without exaggerating form or gestures to the degree that Spencer did. Between 1924 and 1929 Carline taught at the Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford. He had his first solo show at Goupil Gallery in 1931. The mid-1930s saw Carline involved in Negro art, organising a show at Adams Gallery in 1935, and contributing the main text to Arts of West Africa, edited by Michael Sadler. During World War II Carline supervised camouflage of factories and airfields. He was involved in AIA, helping to found the Hampstead Artists’ Council in 1944. In 1946-47 he was appointed as the first Art Counsellor to UNESCO, and from 1955 to 1974 was chief examiner in art for the Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate. His books include Pictures in the Post: the Story of the Picture Postcard, 1959; Draw They Must, 1968; and Stanley Spencer at War, 1978.

In 1975 the D’Offay Gallery held a Richard Carline exhibition for which the artist wrote the foreword. Carline died in Hampstead and in 1983 Camden Arts Centre organised a memorial exhibition. The Imperial War Museum holds his work, including the outstanding and pioneering series of paintings, from World War I, based on observations made from aeroplanes.

Selected Literature: The Spencers and Carlines in Hampstead in the 1920s, Stanley Spencer Gallery, Cookham, 1973. Richard Carline, D’Offay Gallery, 1975. Elizabeth Cowling, Richard Carline, Camden Arts Centre, London, 1983. The Art of Hilda Carline, Mrs Stanley Spencer, Lincolnshire County Council, 1999, pp. 15, 22 and 23.


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)
Sailors working on the mast of the Grace Harwar, circa 1930


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)
Bagdad, 1919


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)
Boom and Rigging, (Guaira Harbour), 1930


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)
Sailors manning the sails of the Grace Harwar, Orinico River, circa 1930


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)


Richard Carline (1896 - 1980)
Life Study (at St Martins), 1923-24